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Data Governance Overview

CountryOpen Data Plan (Aside from Open Government Partnership Action Plans & National Open Data Portals)Big Data Plan (Aside from public service plans)AI Strategy PlanIndustry 4.0 PlanData Protection Law
Argentina No informationNo informationNational Plan of Artificial Intelligence (In progress)Industry Plan Argentina 4.0 Personal Data Protection Law (2000)

Draft bill for a new data protection act (2018)
Australia National action Plan to Advance Open Data (2013)

Open Data Policy (2015)

Australia’s Second Open Government National Action plan 2018-20
No information 2018-2019 budget announced a four-year investment to support the development of AI in AustraliaFunding was given to advance new scientific and technological developments-included industry 4.0 (2018)

German-Australian Cooperation on Industrie 4.0

Industry 4.0 testlabs in Australia
Privacy Act (1988)
Brazil The Brazilian Open Data Policy, instituted by Decree No. 8.777 (2016)

Brazil’s 4th National Action Plan (2018)
No informationNo dedicated planAdvanced Manufacturing Plan for Brazil (2018)Protection of Personal Data Bill (2011)

Internet Bill of Rights (2014)
Canada Action Plan on Open Government 2.0 (2014)

Directive on Open Government (2017)

Canada’s Digital Charter in Action A Plan by Canadians, for Canadians (2018)

Canada’s 2018-2020 National Action Plan on Open Government (2018)
National Data Strategy (in progress)Pan-Canadian Artificial Intelligence Strategy (2017)Strategic Innovation Fund (2017)The Privacy Act (1985)

Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (‘PIPEDA’) (2000)
China No information National Big Data Strategy (in progress)A Next Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Plan (2017)

Three-Year Action Plan to Promote the Development of New-Generation Artificial Intelligence Industry (2017)
Made in China 2025 (2015)The Decision of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress on Strengthening the Network Information Protection (2012)
France Digital Republic Act (2016)

For a transparent and Collaborative Government: France national Action Plan (2018-2020)
Steering Committee of the New Industrial France, under the direction of the Minister for Industry, published a roadmap for Big Data (2014)For a Meaningful Artificial Intelligence: Towards a French and European Strategy (2018)Industrie du Futur (2015)Law relating to the protection of individuals against the processing of personal data (1978)
Germany Open Data Act (2017)

First National Action Plan 2017-2019
No informationAI strategy (2018)Industrie 4.0 (2017)Federal Data Protection Act (1990)
India National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy (2012) No informationNational AI Strategy (2018)National Policy for Advanced Manufacturing (2017)Data Protection Bill (2018)

Information Technology Act (2000)
Indonesia Indonesia Government Partnership National Action Plan 2018-2020 No informationNo dedicated planMaking Indonesia 4.0Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 11 of 2008 Concerning Electronic Information and Transactions
Italy Open government in Italy: 3rd Action Plan with Addendum 2016-2018No informationWhite Paper on Artificial Intelligence at the service of citizensIndustria 4.0Decreto Legislativo 30 giugno 2003, n. 196 - Codice in materia di protezione dei dati personali
Japan Japan Open Data Promotion Consortium (2012) Declaration to Be the World’s Most Advanced IT Nation Basic Plan for the Advancement of Public and Private Sector Data Utilization (2017) Artificial Intelligence Technology Strategy (2017) Society 5.0: Aiming for a New Human-centered Society (2017)Act on the Protection of Personal Information (2003)
National Digital Strategy (2013)

Digital Strategy (2018)

Mexico Plan de Accion 2016-2018
No informationTowards an AI Strategy in Mexico: Harnessing the AI Revolution (2018) Crafting the Future: A Roadmap for Industry 4.0 In Mexico (2016)Federal Law on the Protection of Personal Data in Possession of Private Individuals (2010)
Republic of KoreaOpen Public Data Policy (2012)

Korea’s 4th National Action Plan 2018-2020
No dedicated planFive-Year Plan to Strengthen the Country’s Research & Development in AI (2018)

Mid- to Long-Term Master Plan in Preparation for the Intelligent Information Society Managing the Fourth Industrial Revolution
Manufacturing Industry Innovation 3.0Korea's Personal Information Protection Act (2011)
Republic of South Africa The 3rd South African Open Government Partnership Country Action Plan 2016-2018No informationNo dedicated planNo informationProtection of Personal Information Act 4 of 2013
Russia Standard Conditions of Usage of Public Data Published Online as Open Data (2016) No informationNo dedicated planNo informationFederal Law Regarding Personal Data 2006
Saudi ArabiaNo informationNo information
No dedicated AI strategy
No informationNo information
TurkeyNo informationNo informationNo dedicated planDigital Transformation Platform in Industry (2017)Data Protection Law (2016)
United Kingdom
Open Data Strategy: 2014-2016

UK Open Data Policy (2016)

UK Open Government National Action Plan 2016-18

Government Transformation Strategy: better use of data (2017)

UK National Action Plan for Open Government 2019-2021

Seizing the data opportunity: a strategy for UK data capability (2013)

National Data Strategy (in progress)
AI Sector Deal (2018)

AI in the UK: ready, willing, and able? (2018)

Industrial Strategy: building a Britain fit for the future (2017)
Data Protection Act (2018)
United States Project Open Data, Open Data Policy — Managing Information as an Asset (2013)

The Data Act (2014)

Open Government Data Act (2019)
The Federal Big Data Research and Development Strategic Plan (2016)Preparing for the Future of Artificial Intelligence (2016)

National Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Strategic Plan (2016)

Artificial Intelligence, Automation, and the Economy (2016)

American AI Initiative (2019)

The National Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Strategic Plan: 2019 Update
The Reinventing American Manufacturing and Innovation (RAMI) Act established Manufacturing USA (2014)Privacy Act (1974) Congress is weighing several proposals for a national online data privacy plan
European UnionPublic Sector Information Directive (2003)Big Data Action Plan and Roadmap (2014)Communication on Artificial Intelligence (2018)

Coordinated Plan on Artificial Intelligence (2018)
Digitising European Industry (2016)General Data Protection Regulation (2018)

Compiled by T. Struett, S. Aaronson, and D. Tse


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